Local Hazard Mitigation Program

Hazard Mitigation
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​Local Mitigation Planning

Because of the history of disasters throughout California, encouraging communities to adopt Local Hazard Mitigation Plans (LHMPs) is a priority. The Federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000) requires that states review LHMPs as part of their state hazard mitigation planning process. The intent is three‐fold:

  1. To gather hazard, vulnerability, and mitigation information from the local level for use in state‐level planning
  2. To ensure that state and local hazard mitigation planning is coordinated to the greatest extent practical
  3. To ensure that local jurisdictions are made aware of the hazards and vulnerabilities within their jurisdiction and to develop strategies to reduce those vulnerabilities

This process ensures that mitigation actions are based on sound planning processes that account for the risks and capabilities of California communities. Mitigation plans form the foundation for a community's long term strategy to reduce disaster losses and break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage.

DMA 2000 provided an opportunity for states, tribes, and local governments to take a new and revitalized approach to mitigation planning. To implement the DMA 2000 planning requirements, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) published an Interim Final Rule in the Federal Register on February 26, 2002. This rule(44 CFR Part 201, Section 201.6) established the mitigation planning requirements for states, tribes, and local communities. For LHMPs, it essentially states that local jurisdictions must also demonstrate that proposed mitigation actions are based on a sound planning process that accounts for the inherent risk and capabilities of the individual communities.

2013 SHMP Section 2.5 - Page 33 

The LHMP Process

Cal OES hazard mitigation planning staff assists local governments in the development of LHMPs and provides technical assistance, training and outreach to local jurisdictions. Cal OES reviews all LHMPs in accordance with DMA 2000 regulations and coordinates with local jurisdictions to ensure compliance with FEMA’s Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide, dated October 2011. Once Cal OES planning staff find the LHMP to be “approvable,” the plan is forwarded to FEMA Region IX mitigation planning staff for final review and approval.

It is the goal of the Cal OES Local Mitigation Planning Team to encourage all 58 counties to develop a FEMA approved LHMP.

Current Status of California's Local Hazard Mitigation Plans by County 


​Resources for local governments to use in developing or updating a local hazard mitigation plan



Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide http://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/001-Plan Review Guide 10-2011.pdfLocal Mitigation Plan Review Guide The purpose of this Guide is to help Federal and State officials assess Local Mitigation Plans in a fair and consistent manner, and to ensure approved plans meet the requirements of the Stafford Act and Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations.Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances5/6/2015 6:57:28 PM
FEMA Region IX Plan Review Toolhttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/001A-FEMA Region IX Plan Review Tool.docxFEMA Region IX Plan Review ToolThe Local Mitigation Plan Review Tool demonstrates how the Local Mitigation Plan meets the regulation in 44 CFR §201.6 and offers states and FEMA mitigation planners an opportunity to provide feedback to the community. Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances6/6/2017 6:39:05 PM
Mitigation Ideashttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/002-Mitigation Ideas 01-2013.pdfMitigation IdeasThis document provides a resource that communities can use to identify and evaluate a range of potential mitigation actions for reducing risk to natural hazards and disasters. Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances4/3/2015 10:46:31 PM
Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide APPENDIX - Ahttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/002A-PLAN REVIEW TOOL FINAL_9-30-11.docxLocal Mitigation Plan Review Guide APPENDIX - AThe Local Mitigation Plan Review Tool demonstrates how the Local Mitigation Plan meets the regulation in 44 CFR §201.6 and offers States and FEMA Mitigation Planners an opportunity to provide feedback to the community. Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances5/6/2015 6:58:03 PM
Local Mitigation Planning Handbookhttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/003-Local Mitigation Planning Handbook 3-2013.pdfLocal Mitigation Planning HandbookProvide guidance to local governments on developing or updating hazard mitigation plans to meet the requirements of Title 44 Code of Federal Regulations for FEMA approval (March 2013).Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances4/2/2015 10:31:10 PM
Integrating Disaster Data into Hazard Mitigation Planninghttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/004-IntegratingDisasterDataIntoHazardMitigationPlanning FEB 2015.pdfIntegrating Disaster Data into Hazard Mitigation PlanningThe purpose of this guide is to draw from various existing guidance documents and provide users with a clear picture of how the data and information that come out of a disaster can be filtered back into the LHMP process.Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances4/2/2015 10:32:12 PM
Plan Integration Guide 7/14http://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/005-Plan Integration Guide 7-14.pdfPlan Integration Guide 7/14The purpose of this guide is to effectively integrate plans and policies across disciplines and agencies in your community by considering the potential of hazards as one of the key factors in future development.Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances4/2/2015 10:36:03 PM
Tribal Multi-Hazatrd Mitigation Planninghttp://www.caloes.ca.gov/HazardMitigationSite/Documents/006-Tribal Multi-Hazatrd Mitigation Planning.pdfTribal Multi-Hazatrd Mitigation PlanningThis guide assists Indian Tribal governments and other tribal entities to identify and assess their risk to natural hazards through the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) multi-hazard mitigation planning process.Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidances4/2/2015 10:32:22 PM



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